Biodiversity and sustainable development: how one can benefit the other
Without biodiversity we would have no food to eat or clean water to drink. Biodiversity also mitigates climate change, supports human health, and provides jobs. Together, biodiversity and healthy ecosystems increase resilience and serve as natural buffers against extreme weather events such as droughts, storms, and other disasters.
On one hand, biodiversity is essential for continued human life. On the other hand, sustainable development is needed to ensure that this life support system is maintained. Therefore one of the goals of sustainable development is to preserve, restore or enhance biodiversity, for the sake of life on Earth as we know it. Last but not least, this development must be inclusive in order to be sustainable.
What is biodiversity and why is it important
The importance of biodiversity cannot be overstated: it directly supports agriculture, forestry, fisheries, tourism, and other economic activities and provides vital benefits to our societies and economies at the global, regional and local level. These benefits include nutrient cycling, habitat provisioning, pollination, erosion control and climate regulation, according to the OECD.