Electrification: definition and meaning

The definition of electrification is the process of replacing technologies that use fossil fuels (such as coal, oil, and natural gas) with technologies that run on electricity. Another way to define what is electrification is to think of it as a a way to decarbonize final energy consumption in transportation, buildings, and industry. The electrification of all these sectors is necessary to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. The benefits of electrification include cutting GHG emissions, ensuring an affordable and secure energy supply, increasing energy efficiency, improved urban air quality and new, quality jobs emerging from a well-planned and just transition. Last but not least, electrification can help us fight climate change.


What does electrification of uses mean?

By electrification of uses, we mean using electricity to provide services that were previously met by other energy sources, such as fossil fuels. Electric cars and buses are examples of electrification of uses. Another example is the electrification of energy use in buildings. In this sector, the share of electricity in final energy demand will increase from 42% in 2030 to 72% by 2050 by deploying heat pumps and other interventions. By pushing convenient electrification in buildings, fossil fuels for heating purposes will be gradually replaced.


Electrification examples: how it is changing the way of living?

Electrification is changing our way of life in many ways. For example, more and more people are choosing to buy electric cars. EV sales are surging due to a combination of policy support, improvements in battery technology and cost, more charging infrastructure being built, and new compelling models from automakers, according to BloombergNEF. It is estimated that in 2030  EVs will represent 67% of new private vehicles sales, and in 2050 EVs will represent almost 80% of private vehicles, rapidly growing from 64 million EVs in 2030 to more than 165 million EVs in 2050.

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