Fiber optic networks can carry a lot more data a lot faster than traditional copper cable networks do. This is because optical fibers deliver more bandwidth: they transmit data through light, which means they can carry signals at higher speeds and with far less distortion than copper cables of the same diameter.
One optical fiber can carry 90,000 television channels and three million voice calls. Data can fly through fiber optic networks, which can also transmit light over very long distances.
Advantages of Fiber Optic Networks
Fiber optic cables are resistant to temperature shifts and severe weather conditions. They are lighter, thinner and sturdier than copper cables, and are less likely to break or get damaged.
They are also more secure, because it is very difficult to intercept their transmissions and also because they are not susceptible to electromagnetic interference.
Another difference between the two is that fiber optic cables can carry signals as far as 40 kilometers without signal degradation, while the maximum distance for copper cables is just under one kilometer.
Fiber optic networks support ultra broadband and low latency communications. Latency, the speed at which communications take place, is the decisive parameter for the networks of the future.
For example, rapid data transfer makes it possible to implement self-drive AI systems for cars or drones, or to manage safety on building sites and work areas to ensure the rapid provision of fundamental services, thereby enhancing our wellbeing and safety.
So the advantages of fiber optic cable networks are their power, reach, speed, durability, reliability and security. This is why they make possible the transition to fully digitalized cities, businesses and homes based on a sustainable and circular way of life.